Comic Grading

General comic grading guidelines from "The Overstreet Comic Price Guide"

10.0 GEM MINT (GM)

  • This is an exceptional example of a given book - the best ever seen.
  • The slightest bindery defects and/or printing flaws may be seen only upon very close inspection.
  • The overall look is "as if it has never been handled or released for purchase."
  • Only the slightest bindery or printing defects are allowed, and these would be imperceptible on first viewing.
  • No bindery tears.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear. Inks are bright with high reflectivity.
  • Well centered and firmly secured to interior pages.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp.
  • No creases.
  • No dates or stamped markings allowed.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples must be original, centered and clean with no rust.
  • No staple tears or stress lines.
  • Paper is white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • No interior autographs or owner signatures.
  • Centerfold is firmly secure.
  • No interior tears.


9.9 MINT (MT)

  • Near perfect in every way.
  • Only subtle bindery or printing defects are allowed.
  • No bindery tears.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear.
  • Inks are bright with high reflectivity.
  • Generally well centered and firmly secured to interior pages.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp.
  • No creases.
  • Small, inconspicuous, lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable as long as they are in an unobtrusive location.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples must be original, generally centered and clean with no rust.
  • No staple tears or stress lines.
  • Paper is white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is firmly secure.
  • No interior tears.


9.8 NEAR MINT/MINT (NM/MT)

  • Nearly perfect in every way with only minor imperfections that keep it from the next higher grade.
  • Only subtle bindery or printing defects are allowed.
  • No bindery tears.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear.
  • Inks are bright with high reflectivity.
  • Generally well centered and firmly secured to interior pages.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp.
  • No creases.
  • Small, inconspicuous, lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable as long as they are in an unobtrusive location.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples must be original, generally centered and clean with no rust.
  • No staple tears or stress lines.
  • Paper is offwhite to white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is firmly secure.
  • Only the slightest interior tears are allowed.


9.6 NEAR MINT+ (NM+)

  • Nearly perfect with a minor additional virtue or virtues that raise it from Near Mint.
  • The overall look is "as if it was just purchased and read once or twice."
  • Only subtle bindery or printing defects are allowed.
  • No bindery tears are allowed, although on Golden Age books bindery tears of up to 1/8" have been noted.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear.
  • Inks are bright with high reflectivity.
  • Well centered and firmly secured to interior pages.
  • One corner may be almost imperceptibly blunted, but still almost sharp and cut square.
  • Almost imperceptible indentations are permissible, but no creases, bends, or color break.
  • Small, inconspicuous, lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable as long as they are in an unobtrusive location.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples must be original, generally centered, with only the slightest discoloration.
  • No staple tears, stress lines, or rust migration.
  • Paper is off-white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is firmly secure.
  • Only the slightest interior tears are allowed.


9.4 NEAR MINT (NM)

  • Nearly perfect with only minor imperfections that keep it from the next higher grade.
  • The overall look is "as if it was just purchased and read once or twice."
  • Subtle bindery defects are allowed. Bindery tears must be less than 1/16" on Silver Age and later books, although on Golden Age books bindery tears of up to 1/4" have been noted.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear.
  • Inks are bright with high reflectivity.
  • Generally well centered and secured to interior pages.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp with ever-so-slight blunting permitted.
  • A 1/16" bend is permitted with no color break.
  • No creases.
  • Small, inconspicuous, lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable as long as they are in an unobtrusive location.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration apart from slight foxing.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples are generally centered; may have slight discoloration.
  • No staple tears are allowed; almost no stress lines.
  • No rust migration. In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples.
  • Paper is cream to off-white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is secure.
  • Slight interior tears are allowed.


9.2 NEAR MINT– (NM–)

  • Nearly perfect with only a minor additional defect or defects that keep it from Near Mint.
  • A limited number of minor bindery defects are allowed.
  • Cover is flat with no surface wear.
  • Inks are bright with only the slightest dimming of reflectivity.
  • Generally well centered and secured to interior pages.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp with ever-so-slight blunting permitted.
  • A 1/16”-1/8” bend is permitted with no color break.
  • No creases.
  • Small, inconspicuous, lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable as long as they are in an unobtrusive location.
  • No soiling, staining or other discoloration apart from slight foxing.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples may show some discoloration.
  • No staple tears are allowed; almost no stress lines.
  • No rust migration.
  • In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has amissing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint booksmust have original staples.
  • Paper is creamto off-white, supple and fresh.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is secure.
  • Slight interior tears are allowed.


9.0 VERY FINE/NEAR MINT (VF/NM)

  • Nearly perfect with outstanding eye appeal.
  • A limited number of bindery defects are allowed.
  • Almost flat cover with almost imperceptible wear.
  • Inks are bright with slightly diminished reflectivity.
  • An 1/8" bend is allowed if color is not broken.
  • Corners are cut square and sharp with ever-so slight blunting permitted but no creases.
  • Several lightly penciled, stamped or inked arrival dates are acceptable.
  • No obvious soiling, staining or other discoloration, except for very minor foxing.
  • Spine is tight and flat.
  • No spine roll or split allowed.
  • Staples may show some discoloration.
  • Only the slightest staple tears are allowed. A very minor accumulation of stress lines may be present if they are nearly imperceptible.
  • No rust migration.
  • In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples. Paper is cream to off-white and supple.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is secure.
  • Very minor interior tears may be present.


8.5 VERY FINE+ (VF+)

  • Fits the criteria for Very Fine but with anadditional virtue or small accumulation of virtues that improves the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.
     

8.0 VERY FINE (VF)

  • An excellent copy with outstanding eye appeal.
  • Sharp, bright and clean with supple pages.
  • A comic book in this grade has the appearance of having been carefully handled.
  • A limited accumulation of minor bindery defects is allowed.
  • Cover is relatively flat with minimal surface wear beginning to show, possibly including some minute wear at corners.
  • Inks are generally bright with moderate to high reflectivity.
  • A 1/4" crease is acceptable if color is not broken.
  • Stamped or inked arrival dates may be present.
  • No obvious soiling, staining or other discoloration, except for minor foxing.
  • Spine is almost flat with no roll.
  • Possible minor color break allowed.
  • Staples may show some discoloration.
  • Very slight staple tears and a few almost very minor to minor stress lines
    may be present.
  • No rust migration. In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples.
  • Paper is tan to cream and supple.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is mostly secure.
  • Minor interior tears at the margin may be present.


7.5 VERY FINE– (VF–)

  • Fits the criteria for Very Fine but with an additional defect or small accumulation of defects that detracts from the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


7.0 FINE/VERY FINE (FN/VF)

  • An above-average copy that shows minor wear but is still relatively flat and clean with outstanding eye appeal.
  • A small accumulation of minor bindery defects is allowed.
  • Minor cover wear beginning to show with interior yellowing or tanning allowed, possibly including minor creases.
  • Corners may be blunted or abraded.
  • Inks are generally bright with a moderate reduction in reflectivity.
  • Stamped or inked arrival dates may be present.
  • No obvious soiling, staining or other discoloration, except for minor foxing.
  • The slightest spine roll may be present, as well as a possible moderate color break.
  • Staples may show some discoloration.
  • Slight staple tears and a slight accumulation of light stress lines may be present.
  • Slight rust migration. In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples.
  • Paper is tan to cream, but not brown.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Centerfold is mostly secure.
  • Minor interior tears at the margin may be present.


6.5 FINE+ (FN+)

  • Fits the criteria for Fine but with an additional virtue or small accumulation of virtues that improves the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


6.0 FINE (FN)

  • An above-average copy that shows minor wear but is still relatively flat and clean with no significant creasing or other serious defects.
  • Eye appeal is somewhat reduced because of slight surface wear and the accumulation of small defects, especially on the spine and edges.
  • A FINE condition comic book appears to have been read a few times and has been handled with moderate care.
  • Some accumulation of minor bindery defects is allowed.
  • Minor cover wear apparent, with minor to moderate creases.
  • Inks show a major reduction in reflectivity.
  • Blunted or abraded corners are more common, as is minor staining, soiling, discoloration, and/or foxing.
  • Stamped or inked arrival dates may be present.
  • A minor spine roll is allowed.
  • There can also be a 1/4" spine split or severe color break.
  • Staples show minor discoloration.
  • Minor staple tears and an accumulation of stress lines may be present, as well as minor rust migration.
  • In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples.
  • Paper is brown to tan and fairly supple with no signs of brittleness.
  • No hint of acidity in the odor of the newsprint.
  • Minor interior tears at the margin may be present.
  • Centerfold may be loose but not detached.


5.5 FINE– (FN–)

  • Fits the criteria for Fine but with an additional defect or small accumulation of defects that detracts from the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


5.0 VERY GOOD/FINE (VG/FN)

  • An above-average but well-used comic book.
  • A comic in this grade shows some moderate wear; eye appeal is somewhat reduced because of the accumulation of defects.
  • Still a desirable copy that has been handled with some care.
  • An accumulation of bindery defects is allowed.
  • Minor to moderate cover wear apparent, with minor to moderate creases and/or dimples.
  • Inks have major to extreme reduction in reflectivity.
  • Blunted or abraded corners are increasingly common, as is minor to moderate staining, discoloration, and/or foxing.
  • Stamped or inked arrival dates may be present.
  • A minor to moderate spine roll is allowed.
  • A spine split of up to 1/2" may be present.
  • Staples show minor discoloration.
  • A slight accumulation of minor staple tears and an accumulation of minor stress lines may also be present, as well as minor rust migration. In rare cases, a comic was not stapled at the bindery and therefore has a missing staple; this is not considered a defect.
  • Any staple can be replaced on books up to Fine, but only vintage staples can be used on books from Very Fine to Near Mint.
  • Mint books must have original staples.
  • Paper is brown to tan with no signs of brittleness.
  • May have the faintest trace of an acidic odor.
  • Centerfold may be loose but not detached.
  • Minor tears may also be present.


4.5 VERY GOOD+ (VG)

  • Fits the criteria for Very Good but with an additional virtue or small accumulation of virtues that improves the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


4.0 VERY GOOD (VG)

  • The average used comic book.
  • A comic in this grade shows some significant moderate wear, but still has not accumulated enough total defects to reduce eye appeal to the point that it is not a desirable copy.
  • Cover shows moderate to significant wear, and may be loose but not completely detached.
  • Moderate to extreme reduction in reflectivity.
  • Can have an accumulation of creases or dimples.
  • Corners may be blunted or abraded.
  • Store stamps, name stamps, arrival dates, initials, etc. have no effect on this grade.
  • Some discoloration, fading, foxing, and even minor soiling is allowed.
  • As much as a 1/4” triangle can be missing out of the corner or edge; a missing 1/8" square is also acceptable.
  • Only minor unobtrusive tape and other amateur repair allowed on otherwise high grade copies.
  • Moderate spine roll may be present and/or a 1" spine split.
  • Staples discolored.
  • Minor to moderate staple tears and stress lines may be present, as well as some rust migration.
  • Paper is brown but not brittle.
  • A minor acidic odor can be detectable.
  • Minor to moderate tears may be present.
  • Centerfold may be loose or detached at one staple.


3.5 VERY GOOD– (VG–)

  • Fits the criteria for Very Good but with an additional defect or small accumulation of defects that detracts from the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


3.0 GOOD/VERY GOOD (GD/VG)

  • A used comic book showing some substantial wear.
  • Cover shows significant wear, and may be loose or even detached at one staple.
  • Cover reflectivity is very low.
  • Can have a book-length crease and/or dimples.
  • Corners may be blunted or even rounded.
  • Discoloration, fading, foxing, and even minor to moderate soiling is allowed.
  • A triangle from 1/4" to 1/2" can be missing out of the corner or edge; a missing 1/8" to 1/4" square is also acceptable.
  • Tape and other amateur repair may be present.
  • Moderate spine roll likely.
  • May have a spine split of anywhere from 1" to 1-1/2".
  • Staples may be rusted or replaced. Minor to moderate staple tears and moderate stress lines may be present, as well as some rust migration.
  • Paper is brown but not brittle.
  • Centerfold may be loose or detached at one staple.
  • Minor to moderate interior tears may be present.


2.5 GOOD+ (GD+)

  • Fits the criteria for Good but with an additional virtue or small accumulation of virtues that improves the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


2.0 GOOD (GD)

  • Shows substantial wear; often considered a "reading copy."
  • Cover shows significant wear and may even be detached.
  • Cover reflectivity is low and in some cases completely absent.
  • Booklength creases and dimples may be present.
  • Rounded corners are more common.
  • Moderate soiling, staining, discoloration and foxing may be present.
  • The largest piece allowed missing from the front or back cover is usually a 1/2” triangle or a 1/4" square, although some Silver Age books such as 1960s Marvels have had the price corner box clipped from the top left front cover and may be considered Good if they would otherwise have graded higher.
  • Tape and other forms of amateur repair are common in Silver Age and older books.
  • Spine roll is likely.
  • May have up to a 2” spine split.
  • Staples may be degraded, replaced or missing.
  • Moderate staple tears and stress lines may be present, as well as rust migration.
  • Paper is brown but not brittle.
  • Centerfold may be loose or detached.
  • Moderate interior tearsmay be present.


1.8 GOOD– (GD–)

  • Fits the criteria for Good but with an additional defect or small accumulation of defects that detracts from the book’s appearance by a perceptible amount.


1.5 FAIR/GOOD (FR/GD)

  • A comic showing substantial to heavy wear.
  • A copy in this grade still has all pages and covers, although there may be pieces missing.
  • Books in this grade are commonly creased, scuffed, abraded, soiled, and possibly unattractive, but still generally readable.
  • Cover shows considerable wear and may be detached.
  • Nearly no reflectivity to no reflectivity remaining.
  • Store stamp, name stamp, arrival date and initials are permitted.
  • Booklength creases, tears and folds may be present.
  • Rounded corners are increasingly common.
  • Soiling, staining, discoloration and foxing is generally present.
  • Up to 1/10 of the back cover may be missing.
  • Tape and other forms of amateur repair are increasingly common in Silver Age and older books.
  • Spine roll is common.
  • May have a spine split between 2" and 2/3 the length of the book.
  • Staples may be degraded, replaced or missing.
  • Staple tears and stress lines are common, as well as rust migration.
  • Paper is brown and may show brittleness around the edges.
  • Acidic odor may be present.
  • Centerfold may be loose or detached.
  • Interior tears are common.


1.0 FAIR (FR)

  • A copy in this grade shows heavy wear.
  • Some collectors consider this the lowest collectible grade because comic books in lesser condition are usually incomplete and/or brittle.
  • Comics in this grade are usually soiled, faded, ragged and possibly unattractive.
  • This is the last grade in which a comic remains generally readable.
  • Cover may be detached, and inks have lost all reflectivity.
  • Creases, tears and/or folds are prevalent.
  • Corners are commonly rounded or absent.
  • Soiling and staining is present.
  • Books in this condition generally have all pages and most of the covers, although there may be up to 1/4 of the front cover missing or no back cover, but not both.
  • Tape and other forms of amateur repair are more common.
  • Spine roll is more common; spine split can extend up to 2/3 the length of the book.
  • Staples may be missing or show rust and discoloration.
  • An accumulation of staple tears and stress lines may be present, as well as rust migration.
  • Paper is brown andmay show brittleness around the edges but not in the central portion of the pages.
  • Acidic odor may be present.
  • Accumulation of interior tears.
  • Chunks may be missing.
  • The centerfold may be missing if readability is generally preserved (although there may be difficulty).
  • Coupons may be cut.


0.5 POOR (PR)

  • Most comic books in this grade have been sufficiently degraded to the point where there is little or no collector value; they are easily identified by a complete absence of eye appeal.
  • Comics in this grade are brittle almost to the point of turning to dust with a touch, and are usually incomplete.
  • Extreme cover fading may render the cover almost indiscernible.
  • May have extremely severe stains, mildew or heavy cover abrasion to the point that some cover inks are indistinct/absent.
  • Covers may be detached with large chunks missing.
  • Can have extremely ragged edges and extensive creasing.
  • Corners are rounded or virtually absent.
  • Covers may have been defaced with paints, varnishes, glues, oil, indelible markers or dyes, and may have suffered heavy water damage.
  • Can also have extensive amateur repairs such as laminated covers.
  • Extreme spine roll present; can have extremely ragged spines or a complete, book-length split.
  • Staples can be missing or show extreme rust and discoloration.
  • Extensive staple tears and stress lines may be present, as well as extreme rust migration.
  • Paper exhibits moderate to severe brittleness (where the comic book literally falls apart when examined).
  • Extreme acidic odor may be present.
  • Extensive interior tears.
  • Multiple pages, including the centerfold, may be missing that affect readability.
  • Coupons may be cut.

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